Hot Rolled – CQ Plate – 3mm
Hot Rolled – Commercial Quality (CQ) Steel Plates are steel plates that have been roll-pressed at very high temperatures – over 926˚C – which is above the re-crystallization temperature for most steels. This makes the steel easier to form and resulting in products that are easier to work with. Thicknesses available range from 1.6mm up to 4mm.
Overall Size : 2450mm(l) x 1225mm(w)
Thickness : 3mm
Weight : 72.4kg per plate
To process hot rolled steel, manufacturers first start with a large, rectangular length of metal, called a billet. The billet is heated and then sent for pre-processing, where it is flattened into a large roll. From there, it is kept at a high temperature and run through a series of rollers to achieve its finished dimensions. The white-hot strands of steel are pushed through the rollers at high speeds. For sheet metal, rolled steel is spun into coils and left to cool. For other forms, such as bars or plates, materials are sectioned and packaged.
Steel shrinks slightly as it cools. Since hot rolled steel is cooled after processing, there is less control over its final shape, making it less suitable for precision applications. Hot rolled steel is often used in applications where minutely specific dimensions aren’t crucial. Railroad tracks and construction projects often use hot rolled steel.
Hot rolled steel can often be identified by the following characteristics:
- A scaled surface—a remnant of cooling from extreme temperatures
- Slightly rounded edges and corners for bar and plate products (due to shrinkage and less precise finishing)
- Slight distortions, where cooling may result in slightly trapezoidal forms, as opposed to perfectly squared angles
What are the benefits of hot rolled steel?
Hot rolled steel typically requires much less processing than cold rolled steel, which makes it a lot cheaper. Because hot rolled steel is allowed to cool at room temperature, it’s essentially normalized—meaning it’s free from internal stresses that can arise from quenching or work-hardening processes.
Hot rolled steel is ideal where dimensional tolerances aren’t as important as overall material strength, and where surface finish isn’t a key concern. Where surface finish is a concern, scaling can be removed by grinding, sand blasting, or acid-bath pickling. Once scaling has been removed, various brush or mirror finishes can also be applied. Descaled steel also offers a better surface for painting and other surface coatings.
What is “Commercial Quality” Steel?
A designation of a grade of steel suitable for moderate forming processes. Material of this quality is ductile enough to be bent flat on itself in any direction in a standard bending process. The term is commonly used to designate mild steel. Also known as CS (commercial steel) or CQ (commercial quality).